She illustrates this time using the example of an effective Latino user which might unwittingly portray upright Latinos at the expense of gay and you will lesbian Latinos (1986, 350)
Another way regarding reenvisioning image was given by Nadia Urbinati (2000, 2002). Urbinati contends getting wisdom expression because advocacy. To have Urbinati, the purpose of signal should not be the new aggregation off appeal, nevertheless preservation off conflicts necessary for sustaining freedom. Urbinati refers to two main options that come with advocacy: 1) the representative’s passionate link to new electors’ produce and you will dos) the representative’s cousin freedom of wisdom. Urbinati stresses the importance of the previous to own encouraging representatives so you’re able to intentional along in addition to their constituents. To have Urbinati the advantage of conceptualizing symbolization due to the fact advocacy would be the fact they enhances the comprehension of deliberative democracy. Particularly, it avoids a common error from of numerous modern deliberative democrats: centering on the official actions off deliberation at the expense of exploring the resources of inequality within this civil area, e.g. the household. One benefit of Urbinati’s knowledge of icon was their emphasis on the significance of thoughts and you can agree development. In particular, the girl agonistic conception out of image shows the necessity of conflicts and you may rhetoric for the strategies, practices, and you can ethos away from democracy.
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